African American Voices (ed. Mintz, 2nd ed.)



African American Voices (ed. Mintz, 2nd ed.)

This edition

"African American Voices: The Life Cycle of Slavery." Ed. Stephen Mintz. 2nd ed. St. James, NY: Brandywine Press, 1999. xi+227 pp.

Other editions, reprints, and translations

● "African American Voices: The Life Cycle of Slavery." Ed. Steven Mintz. St. James, NY: Brandywine Press, 1993. ix+178 pp.
● "African American Voices: The Life Cycle of Slavery." Ed. Steven Mintz. Rev. ed. St. James, NY: Brandywine Press, 1996. ix+212 pp.
● "African American Voices: The Life Cycle of Slavery." Ed. Stephen Mintz. 3rd ed. St. James, NY: Brandywine Press, 2004. xi+233 pp.
● "African American Voices: A Documentary Reader, 1619-1877." Ed. Stephen Mintz. 4th ed. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. xiv+241 pp.

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Table of contents

(2nd ed. 1999)
Preface to the Second Edition (ix)
Foreword (xi)
● Steven Mintz / Introduction: A History of Slavery (1)
Chapter 1: ``Death's Gwineter Lay His Cold Icy Hands on Me'': Enslavement: (41)
● A Portuguese chronicler, Gomes Eannes de Azurara, describes the capture of the first African slaves by Europeans (1453) (43)
● A European slave trader, John Barbot, describes how slaves are procured (1682) (44)
● An European trader, William Bosman, describes relations between European slave traders and their African counterparts (1705) (48)
● An English explorer, Francis Moore, describes the process by which people are enslaved (1738) (51)
● A Muslim merchant, Ayabah Suleiman Diallo, recalls his capture and enslavement (1734) (52)
● Olaudah Equiano, an eleven-year-old Ibo from Nigeria remembers his kidnapping into slavery (1789) (55)
● A British slave captain, William Littleton, is questioned about whether Europeans foment war in order to acquire slaves (1789) (57)
● A European explorer, Mungo Park, describes how the slave trade functioned (1797) (59)
● Venture Smith relates the story of his kidnapping at the age of six (1798) (60)
Chapter 2: ``God's A-Gwineter Trouble de Water'': The Middle Passage (67)
● A European sailor, James Bardot, Jr., describes a shipboard revolt by enslaved Africans (1700) (69)
● An English captain, William Snelgrave, describes the precautions that slavers must take in order to prevent shipboard rebellions (1721) (72)
● Olaudah Equiano describes the horrors of the Middle Passage (1789) (75)
● A doctor, Alexander Falconbridge, describes conditions on an English slaver (1788) (78)
Chapter 3: ``Weary Traveler'': Arrival in the New World (85):
● Olaudah Equiano describes his arrival in the New World (1789) (87)
● An English physician, Alexander Falconbridge, describes the treatment of newly-arrived slaves in the West Indies (1788) (88)
Chapter 4: "We Raise de Wheat, Dey Gib Us de Corn": Conditions of Life (91)
● Solomon Northrup describes the working conditions of slaves on a Louisiana cotton plantation (1853) (93)
● Charles Ball compares working conditions on tobacco and cotton plantations (1858) (94)
● Josiah Henson describes slave housing, diet, and clothing (1877) (97)
● Francis Henderson describes living conditions under slavery (1856) (98)
● Jacob Stroyer recalls the material conditions of slave life (1898) (100)
● James Martin remembers a slave auction (1937) (101)
Chapter 5: "Like a Motherless Child": Childhood (103)
● Jacob Stroyer recalls the formative experiences of his childhood (1898) (105)
● James W. C. Pennington analyzes the impact of slavery upon childhood (1849) (107)
● Lunsford Lane describes the moment when he first recognized the meaning of slavery (1842) (109)
Chapter 6: "Nobody Knows de Trouble I See": Family (111)
● Laura Spicer learns that her husband, who had been sold away, has taken another wife (1869) (113)
● An overseer attempts to rape Josiah Henson's mother (1877) (114)
● Lewis Clarke discusses the impact of slavery on family life (1846) (117)
Chapter 7: "Go Home to My Lord and Be Free": Religion (119)
● Olaudah Equiano describes West African religious beliefs and practices (1789) (127-29)
● Charles Ball remembers a slave funeral, which incorporated traditional African customs (1837) (130)
● Peter Randolph describes the religious gatherings slaves held outside of their masters supervision (1893) (130-32)
● Henry Bibb discusses ``conjuration'' (1849) (133-36)
Chapter 8: "Oppressed So Hard They Could Not Stand": Punishment (131)
● Frederick Douglass describes the circumstances that prompted masters to whip slaves (1845) (133)
● John Brown has bells and horns fastened on his head (1855) (134)
● William Wells Brown is tied up in a smokehouse (1847) (135)
● Moses Roper is punished for attempting to run away (1837) (136)
● Lewis Clarke describes the implements his mistress used to beat him (1846) (138)
Chapter 9: "Let My People Go": Resistance (139)
● Frederick Douglass resists a slave breaker (1845) (141)
● Nat Turner describes his revolt against slavery (1831) (146)
Chapter 10: "Follow the Drinkin' Gourd": Flight (151)
● Margaret Ward follows the North Star to freedom (1879) (153)
● Frederick Douglass borrows a sailor's papers to escape slavery (1855, 1895) (156)
● Harriet Tubman sneaks into the South to free slaves (1863, 1865) (158)
● Henry ``Box'' Brown escapes slavery in a sealed box (1872) (161)
● Margaret Garner kills her daughter rather than see her returned to slavery (1876) (163)
Chapter 11: "The Walls Come Tumblin' Down": Emancipation (167)
● Private Thomas Long assesses the meaning of black military service during the Civil War (1870) (169)
● Corporal Jackson Cherry appeals for equal opportunity for former slaves (1865) (170)
● Jourdan Anderson declines his former master's invitation to return to his plantation (1865) (170)
● Major General Rufus Saxon assesses the freedmen's aspirations (1866) (172)
● Colonel Samuel Thomas describes the attitudes of ex-Confederates toward the freedmen (1865) (174)
● Francis L. Cardozo asks for land for the freedmen (1868) (175)
● The Reverend Elias Hill is attacked by the Ku Klux Klan (1872) (176)
● Henry Blake describes sharecropping (1937) (178)
● Frederick Douglass assesses the condition of the freedmen in 1880 (179)
Bibliographical Essay (181)
A Bibliography of Recent Works in English: Slavery and Antislavery (187)

Reviews and notices of anthology

● "Book Notes." "Journal of Negro History" 86.1 (2001): 74.

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