Negro Social and Political Thought 1850-1920



Negro Social and Political Thought 1850-1920

This edition

"Negro Social and Political Thought 1850-1920: Representative Texts." Ed. Howard Brotz. New York: Basic Books, 1966. ix+593 pp.

Other editions, reprints, and translations

Repr. as "African-American Social and Political Thought, 1850-1920." With new introduction by Brotz and foreword by B. William Austin. Transaction Publishers, 1992. xxx+593 pp.
Repr. New York: Routledge, 2017.

Online access

1966 edition available at Internet Archive.
1992 reprint available at Internet Archive.

Table of contents

(Contents for 1992/2017 reprint editions)

● Howard Brotz / Introduction to the Transaction Edition
● B. William Austin / Foreword
● Howard Brotz / Preface
● Howard Brotz / Introduction to the Original Edition: A Guide to the Materials

PART I Emigration
● Martin R. Delany / The Condition, Elevation, Emigration, and Destiny of the Colored People of the United States (abridged)
● Martin R. Delany / Official Report of the Niger Valley Exploring Party (excerpt)
● Edward W. Blyden / The Call of Providence to the Descendants of Africa in America
● Edward W. Blyden / The African Problem and the Method of Its Solution
● James T. Holly / A Vindication of the Capacity of the Negro Race for Self-Government and Civilized Progress
● Alexander Crummell / The Relations and Duties of Free Colored Men in America to Africa (excerpt)
● Alexander Crummell / The Race Problem in America
● African Civilization Society / Constitution

Part II Assimilation
● Henry Highland Garnet / The Past and the Present Condition, and the Destiny of the Colored Race (excerpt)
● Frederick Douglass / What Are the Colored People Doing for Themselves?
● Frederick Douglass / An Address to the Colored People of the United States
● Frederick Douglass / Prejudice Not Natural
● Frederick Douglass / The Nature of Slavery
● Frederick Douglass / Letter to Harriet Beecher Stowe
● Frederick Douglass / The Claims of the Negro Ethnologically Considered
● Frederick Douglass / The Doom of the Black Power
● Frederick Douglass / Speech on the Dred Scott Decision
● Frederick Douglass / African Civilization Society
● Frederick Douglass / The Present and Future of the Colored Race in America
● Frederick Douglass / What the Black Man Wants
● Frederick Douglass / Address before the Tennessee Colored Agricultural and Mechanical Association
● Frederick Douglass / The Civil Rights Case
● Frederick Douglass / The Future of the Negro
● Frederick Douglass / The Future of the Colored Race
● Frederick Douglass / The Nation's Problem
● Frederick Douglass / The Folly of Colonization
● T. Thomas Fortune / Education
● T. Thomas Fortune / Political Independence of the Negro
● T. Thomas Fortune / Solution of the Political Problem
● Booker T. Washington / The Educational Outlook in the South
● Booker T. Washington / Atlanta Exposition Address
● Booker T. Washington / Our New Citizen
● Booker T. Washington / Democracy and Education
● Booker T. Washington / Address Delivered at Hampton Institute
● Booker T. Washington / Letter to the Louisiana State Constitutional Convention
● Booker T. Washington / An Interview on the Hardwick Bill
● Booker T. Washington / On Making Our Race Life Count in the Life of the Nation
● Booker T. Washington / Early Problems of Freedom
● Booker T. Washington / Progress of the American Negro
● Booker T. Washington / The Negro and the Labor Problem of the South
● Booker T. Washington / The Fruits of Industrial Training
● Booker T. Washington / The American Negro and His Economic Value
● Booker T. Washington / The Intellectuals and the Boston Mob
● Booker T. Washington / The Mistakes and the Future of Negro Education
● Booker T. Washington / Is the Negro Having a Fair Chance?
● Booker T. Washington / My View of Segregation Laws
● Archibald H. Grimke / Modern Industrialism and the Negroes of the United States

PART III Cultural Nationalism
● William Edward Burghardt Du Bois / The Conservation of Races
● William Edward Burghardt Du Bois / The Philadelphia Negro (excerpt)
● William Edward Burghardt Du Bois / Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others
● William Edward Burghardt Du Bois / The Talented Tenth
● William Edward Burghardt Du Bois / Declaration of Principles of the Niagara Movement
● William Edward Burghardt Du Bois / Resolutions of the Niagara Movement
● William Edward Burghardt Du Bois / The Evolution of the Race Problem

PART IV The Revival of Political Nationalism
● Marcus Garvey / Race Assimilation
● Marcus Garvey / The True Solution of the Negro Problem
● Marcus Garvey / An Appeal to the Soul of White America
● Marcus Garvey / Racial Reforms and Reformers
● Marcus Garvey / Who and What Is a Negro?
● Marcus Garvey / An Appeal to the Conscience of the Black Race to See Itself
● Marcus Garvey / The Negro's Place in World Reorganization
● Marcus Garvey / Aims and Objects of Movement for Solution of Negro Problem
● Marcus Garvey / Racial Ideals

Sources and Acknowledgments

Publisher's description

"In bringing together the most characteristic and serious writings by black scholars, authors, journalists, and educators from the years that preceded the modem civil rights movement, 'African-American Social and Political Thought' provides a comprehensive guide to the range and diversity of black thought. The volume offers a deep history of how the terms of contemporary debate over the future of black Americans were formed. The writings assembled here reveal a tension and a thread between two essential poles of thought. These include those voices that clearly projected civic assimilation as the goal of black aspiration, and those who described how this aim would be achieved, as well as nationalist or separatist voices that despaired of ever having a dignified future in a biracial society. These two positions reflect the most fundamental questions faced by any minority group. In his forceful and courageous introduction to this new edition, Howard Brotz relates the thoughts and reflections of these black thinkers to the social and political situation of blacks in America today and argues against the political orthodoxy and sociological determinism that perpetuates the image of the black as a perennial and passive victim. In the scope and quality of its contents, African-American Social and Political Thought is a unique, invaluable source book for cultural historians, sociologists, and students of black history" (Routledge website).

Reviews and notices of anthology

● Reed, Adolph. "American Political Science Review" 61.2 (1967): 512-14.
● Quarles, Benjamin. "Civil War History" 14.1 (1968): 85-86. Project Muse.

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